The Fabrication Gap

Innovative Strategies for Design and Assembly in Architecture and Construction

The translation of industrial production methods into the context of architecture and building construction has largely been unsuccessful.

The concepts that have been developed in product design or the automotive industry, which are based on a high degree of standardisation and the mass customisation of the products have proven difficult and the projects where they have been applied are of low architectural ambition and leading to oversimplified solutions. The desired cost and time savings rarely materialise.

At the same time, most architectural projects are designed as one offs, with no systemised transfer of embedded knowledge and a highly manual and bespoke construction process.

Our research explores how we can achieve the individual responses architecture is expected to provide, while leveraging the industrial capacity of the construction supply chain; how we can develop the most technically advanced solutions and respond to the growing social and environmental sustainability challenges.

In other words: How can we close the current fabrication gap and what does this mean for architectural design and architectural culture.

  • Fabrication Gap: Innovative Strategies for Design and Assembly in Architecture and Construction
Symposium Fabrication Gap 18/19 April 2024

Two day symposium and panel discussions on how we can industrialise the construction industry, bringing together architects, engineers, clients and consultants.

Register here:

  • Symposium Fabrication Gap 18/19 April 2024

Ziwar Al Nouri is doing his PhD under the title of Reparametrize Initiative AID: Recoding Post-Crisis


Our building materials among the biggest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. Getting those to zero is a major challenge.

We are exploring different routes to get there. What role does structural design play on this journey? What are the materials of the future? How do they influence design, tectonics and architecture?

In a series of explorations we are collecting a database of references and ideas, analyse them and build a stock of knowledge that will allow us to help define an architectural culture in light of one of our biggest challenges.

Student Projects
  • Advanced Structural Design A
  • Advanced Structural Design B
  • Structure, Material, Tectonics and Space